In 2015, global CO2 emissions have stalled, due to a 2% decline in global coal combustion.
In 2012, 2013 and 2014, global emissions increased on average by about 1.3%, about three times slower than in the preceding decade.
In 2015, CO2 emissions in China and the United States declined by 0.7% and 2.6%, repsectively. Emissions in the Russian Federation and Japan also decreased, by respective 3.4% and 2.2%.
These increases were counterbalanced by increases in India of 5.1%, as well as in the European Union, which saw an increase of 1.3%, following four years of decreases.
For instance, in 2015 China emitted twice as much as the United States
However, per capita emissions in China were half those of the United States and about the same as in the EU-28.
But the carbon intensity of the Chinese economy in CO2 per USD in 2015 was twice that
of the US economy and 3x higher than in the EU.
188 parties submitted their INDCs for the adoption of the Paris Agreement in December
2015. These countries represented about 97% of global greenhouse gas emissions in 2012.
Olivier JGJ, Janssens-Maenhout G, Muntean M and Peters JAHW (2016), Trends in global CO2 emissions; 2016 Report, The Hague: PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency; Brussels: Joint Research Centre.
> download the report
The PBL Climate Pledge INDC tool gives a summary of the greenhouse gas
emission reduction proposals (pledges), domestic policies of major countries
and regions and the impact on the emissions by 2030
> go to PBL Climate Pledge INDC tool
For further information, please contact the PBL Press Office:
Allard Warrink, Laurens Brandes, Jos Olivier, Jeroen Peters, Pieter Boot
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