PBL Climate Pledge INDC tool
By 15 December 2015, 188 Parties (including the European Union) had submitted their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) in preparation for the adoption of the Paris Agreement in December 2015. These countries represented about 97% of global greenhouse gas emissions in 2012. The main findings are:
- INDCs are insufficient to put the world directly on a cost-effective pathway to secure a likely chance to stay below 2°C; however, if implemented, they will deliver a reduction of 9 and 11 GtCO2e by 2030, compared to the business as usual scenario, for the full implementation of all unconditional and conditional INDCs, respectively.
- Implementation of the unconditional INDCs would still leave an emission gap of 14 GtCO2e relative to the global emission level needed for keeping the temperature increase below 2 °C with a likely chance. Implementation of the conditional INDCs would further reduce this gap to 12 GtCO2e.